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Happy National Aviation Day and Happy Birthday Orville Wright

Happy National Aviation Day and Happy Birthday Orville Wright

Today is National Aviation Day and also Orville Wright’s 145th birthday.

Orville Wright

Orville Wright – August 19, 1871 to January 30, 1948

From Wikipedia:

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited[1][2][3] with inventing, building, and flying the world’s first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1904–05 the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.

The brothers’ fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium.[4][5][6][7] This method became and remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds.[8][9] From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving “the flying problem”. This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines.[10] Using a small homebuilt wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any before, enabling them to design and build wings and propellers that were more efficient than any before.[11][12] Their first U.S. patent, 821,393, did not claim invention of a flying machine, but rather, the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that manipulated a flying machine’s surfaces.[13]

They gained the mechanical skills essential for their success by working for years in their shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery. Their work with bicycles in particular influenced their belief that an unstable vehicle like a flying machine could be controlled and balanced with practice.[14] From 1900 until their first powered flights in late 1903, they conducted extensive glider tests that also developed their skills as pilots. Their bicycle shop employee Charlie Taylor became an important part of the team, building their first airplane engine in close collaboration with the brothers.

The Wright brothers’ status as inventors of the airplane has been subject to counter-claims by various parties. Much controversy persists over the many competing claims of early aviators. Edward Roach, historian for the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park argues that they were excellent self-taught engineers who could run a small company, but they did not have the business skills or temperament to dominate the growing aviation industry.

 

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ARL [Association of Research Libraries] to Host National Digital Stewardship Resident: Apply by July 20, 2016

ARL to Host National Digital Stewardship Resident: Apply by July 20

Would you like to develop, apply, and advance your digital stewardship knowledge and skills in a real-world setting? Did you earn a master’s or doctoral degree in a field engaged in the stewardship of digital materials within the past two years?

Apply to participate in the 2016–2017 National Digital Stewardship Residency (NDSR) program, developed by the Library of Congress and the Institute of Museum and Library Services to build a dedicated community of professionals who will advance the nation’s capabilities in managing, preserving, and making accessible the digital record of human achievement.

Five candidates will be selected for five paid residencies in the Baltimore-Washington area starting in September 2016. The 2016–2017 projects are:

·         Association of Research Libraries—Bringing Life to Research Objects: Managing the Digital Life Cycle of Research from Creation to Stewardship through the Open Science Framework and SHARE

·         Food & Drug Administration, Office of Science & Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices & Radiological Health—Enabling Open Science through the Center for Devices & Radiological Health (CDRH) Science Data Catalog

·         Georgetown University Library—Bring It All Home: Building Digital Preservation Processes for Digital Preservation Platforms

·         John Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries—Large-Scale Digital Stewardship: Preserving Johns Hopkins University’s Born-Digital Visual History

·         World Bank Group—Data Stewardship and Preservation Program

Association of Research Libraries NDSR Project

The resident selected to work with the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) will prototype the process of linking the output from a university research unit to a library digital repository through the Open Science Framework—an open source tool that integrates and supports research workflow. Working with senior colleagues at ARL, a data librarian at George Washington University (GWU) Libraries who works with the SHARE project, and staff at the Center for Open Science, the resident will participate in the full life cycle of digital stewardship, including metadata creation and other documentation, data management planning, and access and preservation through the institutional repository. The resident will also participate in selecting the research unit at the outset of the appointment.

This residency will include technical curation training; visits to the Center for Open Science in Charlottesville, Virginia; hands-on work with researchers and librarians at GWU; and deep exposure to open source, open science tools. Upon completion of the residency, the candidate will have created documentation that other research units and libraries can replicate, thereby contributing to the advancement of the research library role in research data management and to digital stewardship in the academy. The successful resident will have interest and/or experience in library repository platforms, experience or strong interest in programming, and excellent communication skills.

More Information and Application

For additional information about the National Digital Stewardship Residency program and to apply, visit the NDSR website. The application deadline is 11:59 p.m. EDT, Wednesday, July 20, 2016. Applicants must be US citizens.

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DMIL Member Interview with Deb Knox

DMIL Member Interview with Deb Knox

How did you get involved in military librarianship?

I am actually a vendor who is responsible for sales to the federal government for my employer.  From the very first time I attended MLW I fell in love with the military librarians and have been a big supporter ever since then.

How did you get involved in DMIL?

It was one of the chapters I picked when I joined SLA.  I belong to DMIL and DGI as well as my State chapter.  I think the best thing we can do as vendors is support our patrons while I will freely admit that is not my primary reason for hanging around.  Most of you have become friends and many of you are not customers and will never be customers.  DMIL as a community really reached out to me.  I highly recommend vendors getting involved in the communities they support for networking and to become familiar with the unique challenges military librarians face.

What has been your best experience working for the military?

I just love the open nature of the military librarians.  They are witty, honest and straightforward.  I like that so many of them are well traveled and have wonderful stories to tell.  Frankly, I don’t think about any of them as customers, just friends.

What has been your best experience being involved in DMIL?

I absolutely love the MLW conference.   It is my favorite conferences and I feel well treated when I am there unlike any other conference where all they care about is your money.

What positions in DMIL have you held?

I have been on the planning committee several times and have been the corporate director when it was a viable position. I currently am the Unit Planner for SLA 2017.

If someone were to visit your library or your town, what would you be sure to show them or recommend that they see?

Our beautiful bridges that were built by and with the Army Corps of Engineers.  We have protected waterways and marshes so it has been a long term project connecting all our barrier island beaches to the mainland.

Please recommend one LIS-specific book or article that you read recently that you found particularly good. What makes it worthwhile?

Two of my recent reads were “Why Epiphanies Never Occur to Couch Potatoes” by Mark Amtower and Change to Strange by Daniel M. Cable.  I mostly read for enjoyment but this year vowed to read one self help book for every fiction novel.

If you were to recommend one book, just for fun, what would it be?

I really enjoyed Extreme Measures.  I love all the books by Vince Flynn and am working my way through the series.  I secretly think I am getting an inside view of spying and behind the scenes government operations.  Probably all fantasy but I let myself be a secret agent during that time.

 

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