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DoD Evaluation of Over-Classification of National Security Information (Redacted)

DoD Evaluation of Over-Classification of National Security Information (Redacted)
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Office of Inspector General

What We Did
This is the first of two reports that Public Law 111-258, Section 6(b) requires, mandating Inspectors General of Federal departments, or agencies with an officer or employee who is authorized to make original classifications, to: (A) assess whether applicable classification policies, procedures, rules, or regulations have been adopted, followed, and effectively administered; and (B) identify policies, procedures, rules, regulations, or management practices that may be contributing to persistent misclassification of material. In this report, we address eight areas associated with classification management and control marking programs. For the second report due under Public Law 111-258 on September 30, 2016, we will focus on follow-up efforts to recommendations outlined in this report.

What We Found
We found that applicable classification policies, procedures, rules, and regulations have been adopted; however, in some circumstances, they had not been followed or effectively administered.

We also concluded that some policies, procedures, rules, regulations or management practices may be contributing to persistent misclassification of material. While we did find some instances of over-classification, we do not believe that those instances concealed violations of law, inefficiency, or administrative error; prevented embarrassment to a person, organization, or agency; restrained competition; or prevented or delayed the release of information not requiring protection in the interest of national security. However, we did find several instances where the inaccurate use of dissemination control and handling markings could unnecessarily restrict information sharing.

Many of the issues we found were similarly reflected in organizational selfassessments and fundamental classification guidance review results, demonstrating that DoD is aware of weaknesses and is striving to improve. The most common discrepancy was incorrect marking of documents. Many of our interviewees commented on the availability and robustness of training.

While room for improvement still exists, DoD continues to make advances in program management, reporting costs, reporting of security classification activities, and in advancing policies that will help constrain overclassification.

What We Recommend
We recommend that the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics carry out the recommendations outlined in this report and continue to leverage the new Defense Security Enterprise, especially with regard to ensuring that Original Classification Authorities are fully engaged and accountable.

Management Comments and Our Response
Both the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and the Under Secretary for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics concurred with the recommendations; however, management did not provide information to identify what actions will be taken and the date on which recommendations will be completed. Therefore, we request additional comments. Please see the recommendations table on the back of this page.

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"Ike and Dutch: Mentor, Protégé, and Common Sense by Dr. Gene Kopelson" presentation at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center

https://youtu.be/9jZSI6bF7d0

Published on Feb 24, 2017

As Ronald Reagan traveled across the United States campaigning for the highest office in the land, the Governor of California possessed an ace in his hand unmatched by his opponents: the ear and advice of former president Dwight D. Eisenhower. Reagan was in constant contact with Ike, following his advice at every turn and going so far as to base his entire 1966 campaign on his mentor’s own successful run years before. Eisenhower’s astute view of internal Washington politics, foreign affairs, military matters, and the swirling pool of primary rivals, provided his protégé the fuel he needed to learn, and eventually win, the war of words. In his latest book, Reagan’s 1968 Dress Rehearsal: Ike, RFK, and Reagan’s Emergence as a World Statesman, Dr. Gene Kopelson outlines the story of Reagan’s first presidential bid with an in-depth look behind the scenes. On Wednesday, February 15, 2017 at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Dr. Kopelson gave a lecture titled, “Ike and Dutch: Mentor, Protégé, and Common Sense,” to delve deeper into the relationship between Reagan and his mentor and how it not only shaped Reagan’s future campaigns, but his presidency, as well.

In his lecture at the USAHEC, Dr. Kopelson uses never-before-tapped audio clips, interviews with the original 1968 campaign staff, Eisenhower’s personal diary, and material straight from personal correspondence to show how Eisenhower influenced Reagan’s politics and eventually, his far-reaching presidential policies. From Reagan’s hawkish views on Vietnam to his perspective on the Arab-Israeli situation, his groundbreaking steps with Gorbachev and the Soviets to nuclear defense, Eisenhower and Reagan had a close and personal relationship which changed America’s future.

Lecture Date: February 15, 2017

Length: 52 Minutes
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