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Job Announcement – Congressional Research Service: Information Research Specialist

CRS has an opening for an Information Research Specialist in the Knowledge Services Group’s Foreign Affairs, Defense and Trade Section, GS-11 with promotional potential to GS-13.

https://www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/382796200

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New Reports from NTSB, CRS, GAO

 

NTSB Releases Top 10 Most Wanted List of Transportation Improvements for 2014

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 04:36 PM PST

NTSB Releases Top 10 Most Wanted List of Transportation Improvements for 2014 Source: National Transportation Safety Board The National Transportation Safety Board today released its 2014 Most Wanted List, the top 10 advocacy and awareness priorities for the agency for 2014, which for the first time includes improving operational safety in rail mass transit. Millions […]

 

 

CRS — Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 02:00 PM PST

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The FY2013 Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4310, Section 1037) indicates that it is the sense of Congress that “the United States should pursue negotiations with the Russian Federation aimed at the reduction of Russian deployed and nondeployed nonstrategic nuclear forces.” The United […]

 

 

CRS — In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Dismissals of Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 01:30 PM PST

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Dismissals of Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Practical and legal hurdles, including the difficulty of locating hidden al Qaeda members and the infeasibility of enforcing judgments in terrorism cases, hinder victims’ […]

 

 

CRS — China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 01:00 PM PST

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) […]

 

 

CRS — The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 12:30 PM PST

The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The 2.3% medical device tax imposed by the Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148) in 2010 was one of a number of additional revenue-raising provisions to finance health reform. This tax, which took effect in January 2013, is […]

 

 

CRS — State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 12:00 PM PST

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) On April 10, 2013, the Obama Administration submitted to Congress its budget request for FY2014. The request for State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs totals $51.84 billion, which is about 0.8% below the FY2013 post-sequester […]

 

 

CRS — Brief History of NIH Funding: Fact Sheet

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 11:30 AM PST

Brief History of NIH Funding: Fact Sheet (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary federal agency charged with conducting and supporting biomedical and behavioral research. Its activities cover a wide range of basic, clinical, and translational research, focused on particular diseases, areas of […]

 

 

CRS — Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 10:30 AM PST

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96, signed February 22, 2012) contained provisions in Title VI that expedite the availability of spectrum for commercial mobile broadband. The provisions in Title VI—also […]

 

 

CRS — Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 10:00 AM PST

Tax Rates and Economic Growth (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) This report summarizes the evidence on the relationship between tax rates and economic growth, referring in a number of cases to other CRS reports providing more substance and detail. Potentially negative effects of tax rates on economic growth have been […]

 

 

CRS — Increasing the Efficiency of Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 09:30 AM PST

Increasing the Efficiency of Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Coal has long been the major fossil fuel used to produce electricity. However, coal-fired electric power plants are one of the largest sources of air pollution in the United States, with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from burning […]

 

 

CRS — Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 09:00 AM PST

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Federal Reserve (the Fed) defines monetary policy as its actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit. Because the expectations of market participants play an important role in determining prices and […]

 

 

High Interest GAO Report — Public Transit: Challenges Funding, Investing in Systems, and Coordinating Services

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 08:45 AM PST

Public Transit: Challenges Funding, Investing in Systems, and Coordinating Services Source: Government Accountability Office The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) authorized $10.6 and $10.7 billion for fiscal years 2013 and 2014, respectively, for public transit, but did not address long-term funding. Federal funds available for FTA’s transit programs come from […]

 

 

CRS — Free Exercise of Religion by Secular Organizations and Their Owners: Implications for the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 08:00 AM PST

Free Exercise of Religion by Secular Organizations and Their Owners: Implications for the Affordable Care Act (ACA) (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Supreme Court’s grant of review in Conestoga Wood Specialties Corp. v. Secretary of U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and Hobby Lobby Stores v. Sebelius, along […]

 

 

CRS — Bitcoin: Questions, Answers, and Analysis of Legal Issues

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 07:30 AM PST

Bitcoin: Questions, Answers, and Analysis of Legal Issues (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Bitcoin first appeared in January 2009, the creation of a computer programmer using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. His invention is an open source (its controlling computer code is open to public view), peer to peer (transactions do […]

 

 

CRS — Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 07:00 AM PST

Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) implements the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulations, which regulate security at high-risk facilities possessing more than certain amounts of one or more chemicals of interest. Facilities possessing more […]

 

 

CRS — Threats to U.S. National Security Interests in Space: Orbital Debris Mitigation and Removal

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 06:30 AM PST

Threats to U.S. National Security Interests in Space: Orbital Debris Mitigation and Removal (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) After decades of activities in space, Earth’s orbit is littered with man-made objects that no longer serve a useful purpose. This includes roughly 22,000 objects larger than the size of a softball […]

 

 

Verizon v. Federal Communications Commission (net neutrality)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 06:15 AM PST

Verizon v. Federal Communications Commission (PDF) Source: U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia For the second time in four years, we are confronted with a Federal Communications Commission effort to compel broadband providers to treat all Internet traffic the same regardless of source—or to require, as it is popularly known, “net neutrality.” In Comcast […]

 

 

CRS — Nuclear Power Plant Security and Vulnerabilities

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 06:00 AM PST

Nuclear Power Plant Security and Vulnerabilities (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The physical security of nuclear power plants and their vulnerability to deliberate acts of terrorism was elevated to a national security issue following the attacks of September 11, 2001. Congress subsequently enacted new nuclear plant security requirements and has […]

 

 

CRS — The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 05:30 AM PST

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is comprised of nine members, two ex officio members, and other members as appointed by the President representing major departments and agencies within the federal […]

 

 

CRS — National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Legal Background

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 05:00 AM PST

National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Legal Background (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Five federal statutes authorize intelligence officials to request certain business record information in connection with national security investigations. The authority to issue these national security letters (NSLs) is comparable to the authority to issue administrative subpoenas. […]

 

 

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CRS Reports on Government Shutdown

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) has produced some reports related to the potential government shutdown and the looming budget debt ceiling conversations.   

 

 

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New Reports from Congressional Research Service

CRS — Health Care for Veterans: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 10:20 AM PDT

Health Care for Veterans: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), operates the nation’s largest integrated health care delivery system, provides care to more than 5.5 million veteran patients, and employs more than 258,000 full-time […]

CRS — Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014 (8/7/13)

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 09:13 AM PDT

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014 (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Homeland Security Digital Library) Congress has received President Obama’s budget request for FY2014, which includes $142.773 billion for research and development (R&D), a $1.861 billion (1.3%) increase from the FY2012 actual funding level of $140.912 billion. The request represents the President’s R&D priorities; […]

CRS — The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 09:07 AM PDT

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent federal agency with its five members appointed by the President, subject to confirmation by the Senate. It was established by the […]

CRS — Syria’s Chemical Weapons: Issues for Congress

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 08:59 AM PDT

Syria’s Chemical Weapons: Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. Department of State Foreign Press Office) The use or loss of control of chemical weapons stocks in Syria could have unpredictable consequences for the Syrian population and neighboring countries as well as U.S. allies and forces in the region. Congress may wish […]

 

 

CRS — Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 08:55 AM PDT

Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Trafficking in persons, or human trafficking, refers to the subjection of men, women, and children to exploitative conditions that can be tantamount to slavery. Reports suggest that human trafficking is a global phenomenon, victimizing […]

 

 

CRS — Agricultural Guest Workers: Legislative Activity in the 113th Congress

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 08:50 AM PDT

Agricultural Guest Workers: Legislative Activity in the 113th Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via National Agricultural Law Center) Foreign temporary workers, also known as guest workers, have long performed legal agricultural labor in the United States through different temporary worker programs. Today, agricultural guest workers may perform farm work of a temporary or seasonal […]

 

 

CRS — Drug Testing and Crime-Related Restrictions in TANF, SNAP, and Housing Assistance

Posted: 13 Aug 2013 08:40 AM PDT

Drug Testing and Crime-Related Restrictions in TANF, SNAP, and Housing Assistance (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Throughout the history of social assistance programs, administrators have attempted to limit access only to those families considered “worthy” of assistance. Policies about worthiness have included both judgments about need—generally tied to income, demographic […]

 

 

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New Reports from GAO and CRS

 
New From the GAO

New GAO Reports and Testimony Source: Government Accountability Office Reports 1. Medicare: Action Needed to Address Higher Use of Anatomic Pathology Services by Providers Who Self-Refer. GAO-13-445, June 24. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-445 Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/655443.pdf 2. VA Health Care: Additional Steps Needed to Strengthen Beneficiary Travel Program Management and Oversight. GAO-13-632, July 15. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-632 Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/655862.pdf […]

CRS — Wildfire Management: Hotshot CrewsWildfire Management: Hotshot Crews (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Wildfires can be unpredictable, with the severity and direction of the wildfire changing in a matter of moments. To ensure the safety and protection of life and property, response to a wildfire requires an array of resources including air and ground […]
CRS — Cloture Attempts on Nominations: Data and Historical Development (updated June 26, 2013)Cloture Attempts on Nominations: Data and Historical Development (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The motion for cloture is available in the Senate to limit debate on nominations, as on other matters. Cloture can, accordingly, be used to overcome a filibuster against a nomination. Table 6 lists all nominations against which […]
CRS — Puerto Rico’s Political Status and the 2012 Plebiscite: Background and Key Questions (updated June 25, 2013)Puerto Rico’s Political Status and the 2012 Plebiscite: Background and Key Questions (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) For the first time since 1998, voters in Puerto Rico went to the polls in November 2012 to reconsider the island’s relationship with the federal government (a concept known as “political status”). Voters […] 
CRS — Foreign Holdings of Federal DebtForeign Holdings of Federal Debt (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Service) This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government. To finance federal borrowing, U.S. Treasury […] 
CRS — Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense InformationCriminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The publication of classified information related to National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance activity is the latest in a series of leaks to the press that has riveted Congress’s attention. Press reports describing classified U.S. […] 
CRS — Ballistic Missile Defense in the Asia-Pacific Region: Cooperation and OppositionBallistic Missile Defense in the Asia-Pacific Region: Cooperation and Opposition (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The growing number and modernization of ballistic missiles in the Asia-Pacific region poses a security challenge for the United States and its allies and is thus a concern for many in Congress. The […]
CRS — Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal FrameworkOffshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The development of offshore oil, gas, and other mineral resources in the United States is impacted by a number of interrelated legal regimes, including international, federal, and state laws. International law provides a framework for establishing […] 
CRS — President Obama’s Climate Action PlanPresident Obama’s Climate Action Plan (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. Department of State Foreign Press Center) On June 25, 2013, President Obama announced a national plan to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and other greenhouse gases (GHG), as well as to encourage adaptation to expected climate change. The President affirmed […] 
CRS — Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for CongressNavy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The Navy for several years has carried out a variety of irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) activities. Among the mo st readily visible of the Navy’s recent IW operations have been […] 
CRS — Syria’s Chemical Weapons: Issues for CongressSyria’s Chemical Weapons: Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The use or loss of control of chemical weapons stocks in Syria could have unpredictable consequences for the Syrian population and neig hboring countries as well as U.S. allies and forces in the region. Congress may wish […] 
CRS — Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance (7/1/13)Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) In the post-2001 era, the United States has viewed Pakistan as a key ally, especially in the context of counterterrorism and Afghan and regional stability. Pakistan has been among the leading recipients of U.S. foreign assistance both historically and […] 
CRS — Membership of the 113th Congress: A ProfileMembership of the 113th Congress: A Profile (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113 th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, […] 
CRS — Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for CongressChanges in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via U.S. State Department Foreign Press Center) The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened interest in, and concerns about, the region’s future. The United States, by virtue of Alaska, is […] 
CRS — Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990 (updated July 3, 2013)Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990 (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) This report, updated as warranted, discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issu es for Congress and legislation. Congress has oversight of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8, which ha s […] 
CRS — U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues (updated July 2, 2013)U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The purpose and scope of this CRS report is to pr ovide a succinct overview with analysis of the major issues in the U.S. policy on Taiwan. This report will be updated as warranted. Taiwan formally calls itself the […] 
CRS — China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States (updated July 3, 2013)China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Prior to the initiation of economic reforms and trade liberalization 34 years ago, China maintained policies that kept the economy very poor, stagnant, centrally controlled, vastly inefficient, and relatively isolated from the global […] 
CRS — China-U.S. Trade Issues (updated July 3, 2012)China-U.S. Trade Issues (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past three decades. Total U.S.- China trade rose from $5 billion in 1981 to $536 billion in 2012. China is currently the United States’ second-largest trading partner, its third-largest export market, and its biggest […] 
CRS — China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities — Background and Issues for Congress (updated July 5, 2013)China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities — Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The question of how the United States should respond to China’s military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, has emerged as a key issue in U.S. defense planning. The question […] 
CRS — Ecuador: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. RelationsEcuador: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The United States has traditionally had close relations with Ecuador, yet tensions in the U.S.-Ecuador relationship have surfaced in recent years as the left leaning government of President Rafael Correa (2007-present) has objected to U.S. influence in […] 

 

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Sharon Lenius shared these bookmarks from the beSpecific, March 23, 2010

CRS Legislative Subject Terms Used in THOMAS

"Beginning with the 111th Congress, all legislative measures are assigned at least one Subject term drawn from a new list of terms presented on this page http://thomas.loc.gov/help/terms-subjects.html The Subject terms are designed to better group legislation, to improve consistency, and to shorten the time it takes to add Subject terms to bills. Subject terms can also be assigned from a large list of terms corresponding to geographic areas (foreign and domestic), U.S. government entities, and congressional committees.

See the CRS Named-Entity Subject Terms

http://thomas.loc.gov/help/terms-names.html for a complete list of those terms. Subject term assignment is cumulative; that is, it is added to in order to reflect revisions (if any) made to the measure as it moves through the legislative process."

Source: beSpacific – March 23, 2010

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