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Job Announcement – Congressional Research Service: Information Research Specialist

CRS has an opening for an Information Research Specialist in the Knowledge Services Group’s Foreign Affairs, Defense and Trade Section, GS-11 with promotional potential to GS-13.

https://www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/382796200

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New Reports from NTSB, CRS, GAO

 

NTSB Releases Top 10 Most Wanted List of Transportation Improvements for 2014

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 04:36 PM PST

NTSB Releases Top 10 Most Wanted List of Transportation Improvements for 2014 Source: National Transportation Safety Board The National Transportation Safety Board today released its 2014 Most Wanted List, the top 10 advocacy and awareness priorities for the agency for 2014, which for the first time includes improving operational safety in rail mass transit. Millions […]

 

 

CRS — Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 02:00 PM PST

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The FY2013 Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4310, Section 1037) indicates that it is the sense of Congress that “the United States should pursue negotiations with the Russian Federation aimed at the reduction of Russian deployed and nondeployed nonstrategic nuclear forces.” The United […]

 

 

CRS — In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Dismissals of Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 01:30 PM PST

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Dismissals of Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Practical and legal hurdles, including the difficulty of locating hidden al Qaeda members and the infeasibility of enforcing judgments in terrorism cases, hinder victims’ […]

 

 

CRS — China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 01:00 PM PST

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) […]

 

 

CRS — The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 12:30 PM PST

The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The 2.3% medical device tax imposed by the Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148) in 2010 was one of a number of additional revenue-raising provisions to finance health reform. This tax, which took effect in January 2013, is […]

 

 

CRS — State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 12:00 PM PST

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) On April 10, 2013, the Obama Administration submitted to Congress its budget request for FY2014. The request for State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs totals $51.84 billion, which is about 0.8% below the FY2013 post-sequester […]

 

 

CRS — Brief History of NIH Funding: Fact Sheet

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 11:30 AM PST

Brief History of NIH Funding: Fact Sheet (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary federal agency charged with conducting and supporting biomedical and behavioral research. Its activities cover a wide range of basic, clinical, and translational research, focused on particular diseases, areas of […]

 

 

CRS — Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 10:30 AM PST

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96, signed February 22, 2012) contained provisions in Title VI that expedite the availability of spectrum for commercial mobile broadband. The provisions in Title VI—also […]

 

 

CRS — Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 10:00 AM PST

Tax Rates and Economic Growth (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) This report summarizes the evidence on the relationship between tax rates and economic growth, referring in a number of cases to other CRS reports providing more substance and detail. Potentially negative effects of tax rates on economic growth have been […]

 

 

CRS — Increasing the Efficiency of Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 09:30 AM PST

Increasing the Efficiency of Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Coal has long been the major fossil fuel used to produce electricity. However, coal-fired electric power plants are one of the largest sources of air pollution in the United States, with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from burning […]

 

 

CRS — Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 09:00 AM PST

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Federal Reserve (the Fed) defines monetary policy as its actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit. Because the expectations of market participants play an important role in determining prices and […]

 

 

High Interest GAO Report — Public Transit: Challenges Funding, Investing in Systems, and Coordinating Services

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 08:45 AM PST

Public Transit: Challenges Funding, Investing in Systems, and Coordinating Services Source: Government Accountability Office The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) authorized $10.6 and $10.7 billion for fiscal years 2013 and 2014, respectively, for public transit, but did not address long-term funding. Federal funds available for FTA’s transit programs come from […]

 

 

CRS — Free Exercise of Religion by Secular Organizations and Their Owners: Implications for the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 08:00 AM PST

Free Exercise of Religion by Secular Organizations and Their Owners: Implications for the Affordable Care Act (ACA) (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Supreme Court’s grant of review in Conestoga Wood Specialties Corp. v. Secretary of U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and Hobby Lobby Stores v. Sebelius, along […]

 

 

CRS — Bitcoin: Questions, Answers, and Analysis of Legal Issues

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 07:30 AM PST

Bitcoin: Questions, Answers, and Analysis of Legal Issues (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Bitcoin first appeared in January 2009, the creation of a computer programmer using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. His invention is an open source (its controlling computer code is open to public view), peer to peer (transactions do […]

 

 

CRS — Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 07:00 AM PST

Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) implements the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulations, which regulate security at high-risk facilities possessing more than certain amounts of one or more chemicals of interest. Facilities possessing more […]

 

 

CRS — Threats to U.S. National Security Interests in Space: Orbital Debris Mitigation and Removal

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 06:30 AM PST

Threats to U.S. National Security Interests in Space: Orbital Debris Mitigation and Removal (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) After decades of activities in space, Earth’s orbit is littered with man-made objects that no longer serve a useful purpose. This includes roughly 22,000 objects larger than the size of a softball […]

 

 

Verizon v. Federal Communications Commission (net neutrality)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 06:15 AM PST

Verizon v. Federal Communications Commission (PDF) Source: U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia For the second time in four years, we are confronted with a Federal Communications Commission effort to compel broadband providers to treat all Internet traffic the same regardless of source—or to require, as it is popularly known, “net neutrality.” In Comcast […]

 

 

CRS — Nuclear Power Plant Security and Vulnerabilities

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 06:00 AM PST

Nuclear Power Plant Security and Vulnerabilities (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The physical security of nuclear power plants and their vulnerability to deliberate acts of terrorism was elevated to a national security issue following the attacks of September 11, 2001. Congress subsequently enacted new nuclear plant security requirements and has […]

 

 

CRS — The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 05:30 AM PST

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is comprised of nine members, two ex officio members, and other members as appointed by the President representing major departments and agencies within the federal […]

 

 

CRS — National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Legal Background

Posted: 16 Jan 2014 05:00 AM PST

National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Legal Background (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Five federal statutes authorize intelligence officials to request certain business record information in connection with national security investigations. The authority to issue these national security letters (NSLs) is comparable to the authority to issue administrative subpoenas. […]

 

 

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CRS Reports on Government Shutdown

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) has produced some reports related to the potential government shutdown and the looming budget debt ceiling conversations.   

 

 

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