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CRS — The Military Commissions Act of 2009 (MCA 2009): Overview and Legal Issues

The Military Commissions Act of 2009 (MCA 2009): Overview and Legal Issues (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

On November 13, 2001, President Bush issued a Military Order (M.O.) pertaining to the detention, treatment, and trial of certain non-citizens in the war against terrorism. Military commissions pursuant to the M.O. began in November 2004 against four persons declared eligible for trial, but the Supreme Court in Hamdan v. Rumsfeld invalidated the military commissions as improper under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). To permit military commissions to go forward, Congress approved the Military Commissions Act of 2006 (MCA), conferring authority to promulgate rules that depart from the strictures of the UCMJ and possibly U.S. international obligations. Military commissions proceedings were reinstated and resulted in three convictions under the Bush Administration.

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More Full Text Reports from CRS, Lexis-Nexis, and other sources

CRS — Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 08:30 AM PDT

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Prior to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, insurance coverage for losses from such attacks was normally included in general insurance policies without specific cost to the policyholders. Following the attacks, such coverage became very […]

 

 

CRS — Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 08:00 AM PDT

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) On January 26, 2012, senior DOD leadership unveiled a new defense strategy based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This new strategy envisions a smaller, leaner Army that […]

 

 

CRS — Israel: Background and U.S. Relations (updated)

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 07:30 AM PDT

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) Since Israel’s founding in 1948, successive U.S. Presidents and many Members of Congress have demonstrated a commitment to Israel’s security and to maintaining close U.S.-Israel defense, diplomatic, and economic cooperation. U.S. and Israeli leaders have developed close relations based on […]

 

 

CRS — Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 07:00 AM PDT

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) While historically the United States has had close relations with Venezuela, a major oil supplier, friction in bilateral relations rose over the past decade under the leftist populist government of President Hugo Chávez, who died in March 2013 after battling cancer […]

 

 

CRS — Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 06:30 AM PDT

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015 (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) ChartFiled under: business and economics, Congressional Research Service, international relations, military and defense, Pakistan

 

 

2013 Military Parent Custody and Visitation Legislation

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 06:00 AM PDT

2013 Military Parent Custody and Visitation Legislation Source: National Conference of State Legislatures Over the last decade, legislation addressing issues facing military parents has become a national trend. With the number of custody and visitation issues among military families growing, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws drafted the Uniform Deployed Parents Custody […]

 

 

CRS — China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities — Background and Issues for Congress

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 05:30 AM PDT

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities — Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists) China is building a modern and regionally powerful Navy with a modest but growing capability for conducting operations beyond China’s near-seas region. The question of how the United States should respond […]

 

 

LexisNexis — 2013 Best Practices for Government Libraries

Posted: 10 Mar 2014 05:00 AM PDT

2013 Best Practices for Government Libraries Source: LexisNexis From blog post: The 2013 Best Practices for Government Libraries: Managing Evolving Resources: Strategies, Capabilities, and Alternatives is now available in PDF. 2012 and prior years of Best Practices for Government Libraries are all available from the right sidebar here on the Government Info Pro. The e-book […]

 

 

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Who Are the Customers for Intelligence?

Who Are the Customers for Intelligence?

Source: Association of Former Intelligence Officers

Who uses intelligence and why? The short answer is almost everyone and to gain an advantage. While nation-states are most closely identified with intelligence, private corporations and criminal entities also invest in gathering and analyzing information to advance their goals. … There are four communities that use intelligence: the national security community, the homeland security community, the law enforcement community, and the private sector.

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Quadrennial Defense Review Charts Strategy Evolution

Quadrennial Defense Review Charts Strategy Evolution Source: U.S. Department of Defense

The 2014 version of the Quadrennial Defense Review takes the defense strategic guidance formulated in 2012 and evolves it through the future, a senior Pentagon official said. … The review lays out a complex and rapidly evolving security environment that includes changes in technology, demographic trends and other factors. The review stresses the importance of the Asia-Pacific region to the United States while acknowledging there are still many “friction points” in the Middle East, Wormuth said. “Terrorism remains a continuing, evolving, metastasizing threat,” she added.

The three “three muscle movements” for the department are protecting the homeland, building security globally, and projecting power and winning decisively, Wormuth noted, and another piece of the strategy is an increased emphasis on innovation and adaptability, particularly in a fiscally constrained environment.

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The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and Defense Strategy: Issues for Congress

The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and Defense Strategy: Issues for Congress (PDF) Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

By statute, the Department of Defense (DOD) is required, by Section 118, Title 10, U.S. Code, to submit to Congress a report based on its most recent Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) process, no later than the President submits his budget request for Fiscal Year 2015. The “2014 QDR” review process took place against the backdrop of key changes in the global strategic context, recent evolutions in U.S. strategic priorities, and a tighter fiscal context. The 2014 process also drew on a series of recent reviews and guidance documents—a 2011 DOD “comprehensive review” initially launched by Secretary of Defense Gates and continued by Secretary of Defense Panetta; the January 2012 Defense Strategic Guidance document (DSG), and the 2013 review process known as the Strategic Choices and Management Review (SCMR).

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