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Tag Archive | "psychology and sociology"

INTERNET WAVES: An Internet-Fueled Illusion — from Information Today

If you’ve been an information professional for any length of time, someone has probably said to you something like this, “You’re so smart. You know everything.” And you probably replied with something like this, “I don’t know everything, but I usually know where to find it.” It happened to me recently at work; someone asked for a particular statistic, and I was able to come up with it almost instantly because I recalled having seen it within the last week or so. You’ve probably been there; librarians, almost by definition, read widely and mentally organize the information we ingest.

Sometimes, we fire off a few pithy reference interview questions to narrow the scope. We think about who would have a particular/vested interest in collecting/maintaining/storing certain information. A government agency? A trade association? But it always needs to be a legitimate source. Other people may be satisfied with something culled from the first page of Google search results. But not us.

How many times has someone asked you to verify something he “found on the internet”? Depending on where you work and what you do, you could hear this several times a day.

Full Story: INTERNET WAVES: An Internet-Fueled Illusion

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Getting to the Left of SHARP: Lessons Learned from West Point’s Efforts to Combat Sexual Harassment and Assault

Getting to the Left of SHARP: Lessons Learned from West Point’s Efforts to Combat Sexual Harassment and Assault
Source: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College

On July 26, 1948, President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981, ending the practice of segregating the military services by race. That same year, the Army allowed women to join the services on an equal basis with men. Both of these steps preceded the larger societal changes that allowed fully equal treatment of all types of American citizens in military service. Just over 2 years ago, Congress repealed the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy, allowing for gays and lesbians to openly take their place in the military. Our procedures and policies for successful gender integration have grown and evolved. The authors share five principles for leaders and commanders on the prevention of sexual harassment and assault, as well as associated “Tips” for implementation: (1) Leaders identify and break chains of circumstance; (2) Education is preferable to litigation; (3) What’s electronic is public; (4) Don’t ignore pornography; and, (5) Unit climate is the commander’s responsibility. These principles and their associated tips are not panaceas, and these recommendations are submitted for discussion and feedback.

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The Communicative Functions of Emoticons in Workplace E-Mails: ;-)

The Communicative Functions of Emoticons in Workplace E-Mails: 😉
Source: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication

CMC research presents emoticons as visual representations of writers’ emotions. We argue that the emoticons in authentic workplace e-mails do not primarily indicate writers’ emotions. Rather, they provide information about how an utterance is supposed to be interpreted. We show that emoticons function as contextualization cues, which serve to organize interpersonal relations in written interaction. They serve 3 communicative functions. First, when following signatures, emoticons function as markers of a positive attitude. Second, when following utterances that are intended to be interpreted as humorous, they are joke/irony markers. Third, they are hedges: when following expressive speech acts (such as thanks, greetings, etc.) they function as strengtheners and when following directives (such as requests, corrections, etc.) they function as softeners.

Posted in Current Events, Links, Web/TechComments Off on The Communicative Functions of Emoticons in Workplace E-Mails: ;-)

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